Polio Vaccination Side Effects

What is Polio Vaccine?


Polio affects the central nervous system and spinal cord. It can cause muscle weakness and paralysis. Polio is a life threatening condition because it can paralyze the muscles that help you breathe. Must read article: Do We Need a Polio Certificate

The polio vaccine is used to help prevent these diseases in children and adults.

This vaccine works by exposing you to a small dose of the virus, which causes the body to develop immunity to the disease. This vaccine will not treat an active infection that has already developed in the body.

Polio vaccine is for use in adults and children who are at least 6 weeks old.

Like any vaccine, the polio vaccine may not provide protection from disease in every person.

Polio Vaccination Side Effects


Keep track of any and all side effects you have after receiving this vaccine. When you receive a booster dose, you will need to tell the doctor if the previous shots caused any side effects.

Becoming infected with polio vaccine is much more dangerous to your health than receiving the vaccine to protect against it. Like any medicine, this vaccine can cause side effects, but the risk of serious side effects is extremely low.

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Call your doctor at once if you have any of these serious side effects:

Serious Polio Vaccine Side Effects:

Severe side effects occur very rarely with the polio vaccine (in less than one out of a million doses). One serious problem that can occur is a serious allergic reaction. Symptoms that may indicate an allergic reaction (or some other serious problem) include:

  • Trouble breathing
  • Hoarseness
  • Wheezing
  • Hives
  • Pale skin
  • Weakness
  • Fast heartbeat
  • Dizziness
  • High fever
  • Behavior changes.
  • extreme drowsiness, fainting;
  • seizure (black-out or convulsions); or
  • high fever (within a few hours or a few days after the vaccine).

Common Side Effects of the Polio Vaccine, Less serious side effects include:

The most common minor side effects from a polio vaccination include:

  • Irritability — in up to 64.5 percent of people
  • Tiredness — up to 60.7 percent
  • Tenderness at the injection site — up to 29.4 percent
  • Loss of appetite — up to 16.6 percent
  • Vomiting — up to 2.8 percent
  • Persistent crying — up to 1.4 percent
  • Redness at the injection site — up to 1 percent.
  • redness, pain, swelling, or a lump where the shot was given;
  • low fever;
  • joint pain, body aches;
  • drowsiness; or
  • vomiting.

These serious side effects can happen within a few minutes to a few hours after the shot, but they can also occur one or two weeks later. If any of these serious problems do occur, call a doctor or get the person to a doctor right away. Tell your doctor what happened, the date and time it happened, and when the polio vaccine was given.

Some of the common side effects that have been reported with the polio vaccine include tiredness, tenderness at the injection site, and irritability. When serious side effects do occur, they can include trouble breathing, hoarseness, and wheezing. However, most side effects are minor, meaning that the symptoms improve on their own or are easily treated by the healthcare provider.

Side effects include fever and redness or soreness at the site of injection. There is a very small chance of an allergic reaction with any vaccine.

During pregnancy, Polio Vaccination should be used only when prescribed. It is unknown if this vaccine passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breastfeeding.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report vaccine side effects to the Department of Health and Human Services.

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