Active & Passive Voice Rules

Active Voice and Passive Voice Rules – Easy way to learn active voice and passive voice



When using the active voice, the subjects are the ones performing the action.

God loves all men.
Birds build nests.
Dog eats bones.

In these three sentences the subject does the action. Hence they are in the active avoice.


In the passive voice, the verb takes an object.

All men are loved by God.
Nests are built by birds.
Bones are eaten by dog.

These sentences are in passive voice. The Passive voice is used in English

(a) To stress the action done rather than the doer of the action
(b) If the doer is unknown
(c) When it is more convenient.

How to Covert Active Voice sentences into Passive Voice:

First move the object in the active voice to the subject position. Use the appropriate ‘be’ verb (is/am/are/was/were/has been/have been/shall be/will be)


How to form passive forms of verbs?


Changes of Pronouns:


Rules for changing Active Voice into Passive Voice:

  • Identify the subject, the verb and the object: SVO
  • Change the object into subject
  • Put the suitable helping verb or auxiliary verb. In case helping verb is given, use the same. But note that the helping verb given agrees with the object.
  • Change the verb into past participle of the verb.
  • Add the preposition “by”
  • Change the subject into object.


Imperative Sentence :

If the given sentence in the active voice is in the imperative, to get the passive voice use ‘Let’. Hence Passive Voice = Let + Object + be + Past Participle


Questions in the Passive :

If the question in the Active Voice begins with a Helping verb the Passive voice must also begin with a suitable helping verb. Supposing the question begins with ‘Wh or How’ form (what, when, how …) the Passive Voice must begin with the same.


Sentences with two objects:

If a sentence contains two objects namely Indirect Object and Direct Object in the Active Voice, two forms of Passive Voice Continue reading

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