STA630 GDB No. 2 Fall 2013 Solution

GDB # 02
Research Methods (STA630)
The Relationship between Theory and Hypothesis

In a classroom, a student presented his research paper. Once QA session started after the completion of the presentation, one of the students raised an objection on the study. The student objected the presenter that the hypotheses he presented are not valid as these are not derived from any theory. The hypotheses should have been linked with some theoretical framework to provide an explanation of event or phenomenon. The teacher intervened by saying that both of you are right and the difference is that both of you are thinking in different contexts. The students got surprised by the comment of teacher that how is it possible that two persons are right at the same time?

You as a student of research methodology build your arguments to justify your point of view with logic and to support the person who according to you is right (presenter, student, or teacher).

Special Instructions

· Give precise justification and reply should not exceed more than 150 words.
· Build your own argument based on your learning of Research Methods and do not use any cheating link.

SOLUTION IDEA:

Relationship between Theory and Hypothesis?

Answer
A hypothesis is a statement that can be tested (not yet proved) while a theory is an overall principle or body of principles that has been established to explain a wide variety of phenomena.

hypothesis and theoretical framework can be used interchangeably..

………..

Hypothesis should be related to a body of theory. Hypothesis has to be supported by theoretical argumentation. For this purpose the research may develop his/her theoretical framework which could help in the generation of relevant hypothesis. For the development of a framework the researcher shall depend on the existing body of knowledge. In such an effort a connection between the study in hand and the existing body of knowledge can be established.

That is how the study could benefit from the existing knowledge and later on through testing the hypothesis could contribute to the reservoir of knowledge.

………..

A THEORY is a well-established principle that has been Continue reading

MGT510 VU Assignment No. 2 Fall 2013 Solution

MGT510 VU Assignment No. 2 Fall 2013 Solution

TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT (MGT510)
ASSIGNMENT NO. 02
DUE DATE: JANUARY 27, 2013
MARKS: 10

ASSIGNMENT:

Scenario: Every organization intends and strives to increase its business as much as it can. Increase in the scope of the business not only requires new technology but also results in the increase of human resources of the organizations as it is the human resources that operates machinery, add more to it and succeeds to get a competitive advantage over the other competing organizations. Therefore it is becoming more and more important as well as challenging to have competent workforce that can help an organization achieve its vision and mission. To have such a competent workforce organizations need to develop policies that can help attract, retain, motivate and groom employees to yield. Due to its increasing prominence for the organization growth and success, the bodies that regulate the business organizations also came to lime light to address these issues.

Question: Describe how the ISO: 9001‐2000 provides guidelines to the organizations so that they may use their human resources as per the standards.

IMPORTANT:
24 hours extra / grace period after the due date is usually available to overcome
uploading difficulties. This extra time should only be used to meet the
emergencies and above mentioned due dates should always be treated as final
to avoid any inconvenience.

IMPORTANT INSTRUCTIONS:
• Make sure to upload the solution file before the due date on VULMS.
• Any submission made via email after the due date will not be accepted.

FORMATTING GUIDELINES:
• Use the font style “Times New Roman” or “Arial” and font size “12”.
• It is advised to compose your document in MS-Word format.
• You may also compose your assignment in Open Office format.
• Use black and blue font colors only.

REFERENCING GUIDELINES:
• Use APA style for referencing and citation. For guidance search “APA
reference style” in Google and read various websites containing
information for better understanding or visit
APA REFERENCE STYLE: Table of Contents

RULES FOR MARKING
Please note that your assignment will not be graded or graded as Zero (0), if:
• It is submitted after the due date.
• The file you uploaded does not open or is corrupt.
• It is in any format other than MS-Word or Open Office; e.g. Excel,
PowerPoint, PDF etc.
• It is cheated or copied from other students, internet, books, journals etc.
Note related to load shedding: Please be proactive

SOLUTION IDEA:

· ISO International Standards Continue reading

CS101 VU Current Assignment No. 3 Fall 2013 Solution

CS101 VU Current Assignment No. 3 Fall 2013 Solution

Laste Date: 27th Jan 2014

Assignment Statement:
You are required to make a presentation consisting of 5 slides. Detail about each slide is given below with the screenshots as samples. Please read given requirements carefully and follow them as they are mandatory and each of them carries some marks. Marks will be deducted if any of the requirements is missing.
Detailed Description of Assignment Requirements:

Slide 1

First slide should contain your name on the top, then Student ID, your VU Email ID, and finally your picture.
If you have any issue regarding uploading your own picture, then you can use any picture.

Sample Slide 1

Slide 2

In this slide you will mention all the courses you have taken so far.
You have to provide information regarding courses taken up to maximum of two semesters.
If you are in the first semester then you will create only one table, otherwise two.
If you have taken more than two semesters than you will only provide information regarding first 2 semesters.
Information provided should be in same format as shown in below slide.
If provided information will not be in tabular format, then marks will be deducted.

Sample Slide 2

Slide 3

In this slide you will insert a spreadsheet.
The spreadsheet will have the information about the obtained marks in all the assignments and quizzes for each course in this semester.
We have provided dummy values in the example screenshot. You will only write your own obtained marks for each assignment and quiz in the provided format.
If you had any non-graded assignment(s) in this semester, then you can choose any number from 1 to 20 as the obtained marks for that assignment.
If the result of an assignment is not declared yet, then you can choose any number from the range of numbers specified above (e.g. 1 – 20).

Sample Slide 3

Slide 4 & 5

Based on the data provided in the spreadsheet regarding assignments and quizzes of the current semester, you will create Bar Charts for assignments and quizzes separately.
Slide 4 should contain the Bar chart for assignments whereas slide 5 should contain the Bar chart for quizzes.

Both Bar charts should only be created inside PowerPoint by taking data from the spreadsheet on the third slide.

Sample Slide 4

Sample Slide 5

Important NOTE:

You have to implement slide transition for every slide (e.g. whenever we move from a slide to another, it should be done by some kind of animation. For example fly in, blinds etc)
Contents of first and second slide should also be displayed in form of animation.
Do implement these transitions and animations otherwise marks will be deducted.

Instructions:
Please read the following instructions carefully before submitting assignment:

You will submit your assignment before or on due date on VU-LMS.
Assignment should be completed by your own efforts it should not be copied from internet, handouts or books; otherwise zero will be awarded straight away.
You should submit your PPT file via assignment interface at VU-LMS.
Assignment sent via Email will not be replied and accepted/graded in any case.
If the submitted assignment does not open or file is corrupt, it will not be graded.
You will submit solution only in .PPT format. Zero will be awarded for any other format and no request will be entertained in this regard.

Objectives are:

To introduce students with Microsoft PowerPoint Presentation
To enable students to embed and customize spreadsheet in the PowerPoint Presentation
To enable students to customize animations in the PPTs
To make students learn how to use tables to organize contents
To make students learn how to insert and organize images in the PPTs
To make students learn how to generate Charts for given data in spreadsheet

For any query about the assignment, contact at cs101@vu.edu.pk

SOLUTION IDEA:

here I have attached solution file so please get idea from here. don’t copy paste just pick idea as it’s based on your info and pls make your own assignment:

vu-cs101-1

vu-cs101-2

vu-cs101-3

vu-cs101-4

CS304 VU Current Assignment No. 4 Fall 2013 Solution

CS304 VU Current Assignment No. 4 Fall 2013 Solution

Laste Date: 27th Jan 2014

Assignment No. 04
SEMESTER Fall 2013
CS304- Object Oriented Programming
Total Marks: 20
Due Date: 27/01/2014

Instructions
Please read the following instructions carefully before solving & submitting assignment:
It should be clear that your assignment will not get any credit (zero marks) if:

The assignment is submitted after due date.
The submitted assignment is other than .cpp file.
The submitted assignment does NOT open or file is corrupted.
The assignment is copied (from other student or ditto copy from handouts or internet).

Uploading instructions

For clarity and simplicity, you are required to Upload/Submit only .CPP file

Objective
The objective of this assignment is:

To give you the idea of practical implementation of concepts inheritance and polymorphism.

Assignment:

Consider the following Class Diagram; detailed description of the diagram is given in the table.

In given class diagram, FeeStructure is a base class; while Local_FS and Overseas_FS are its derived classes sharing its all attributes and functions.
You are required to implement above class diagram in C++. For this you have to use the concept of inheritance and polymorphism. (Hint: In FeeStructure class, make InputFeeDetail(), PrintFeeDetail() and TotalFee() virtual functions.)

For Sample Output, see the next page.

Lectures Covered: This assignment covers Lecture # 22-28
Deadline: Your assignment must be uploaded/submitted at or before. 27th Jan , 2014

SOLUTION IDEA:

ALGORITHM:

Step 1: Start the program.
Step 2: Declare the base class FeeStructure.
Step 3: Declare and define the virtual function InputFeeDetail().
Step 4: Declare and define the function PrintFeeDetail() & TotalFee ()
Step 5: Create the derived class Local_FS & Overseas_FS from the base class.

LEISURE – Critical Appreciation of the Poem & Exercises

LEISURE – (William Davies)

CRITICAL APPRECIATION OF THE POEM

Leisure by Davies moves us emotionally and provides a food for thought. The poet has criticized the life of a modern man. The poet has based this poem on the personal experiences of his life. The evils of modern civilization are the topic progress of science has made man machine like. It has turned him into a material beast. It has deprived him of two things. First it has deprived him to freedom and secondly it has made him greedy and ambitious. Man has become a slave of time. Each breath of his life is spent in collecting wealth.

Davies suggests that a very important factor of human life is enjoyment from various objects of nature scattered in our surroundings. But in just of wealth and status man has lost happiness and peace of mind. He is deadly busy in his worldly pursuits. He has no time to stand and stare at the beautiful and green branches of trees. In this regard, his lot is worse than animals. Even cows and sheep have spare time to enjoy the beauties of nature. He laments that man himself is the author of his tragedy.

Man crown of creature. But unfortunately his life is miserable. The poet feels very sad at man’s indifference to nature. Night looks beautiful with its shining stars on the sky. The reflection of the stars in the water of stream is a sight to be fully enjoyed. The broad day light is charming in its effects. Man is not blind to the ugliness of wealth but blinds to the liveliness of nature. The sight of the squirrels hiding their nuts in the grass contains many enjoyable points. All these sights of nature are inviting and tempting.

Man is more than a robot and computer having no aesthetic sense. The poet sums up the poem by saying that our life is full of worries and hardships. We must have some leisure time to enjoy life and its joys. We have no time to enjoy the loving eyes and dancing feet of young maiden.

TECHNICALITIES OF THE POEM

The use of personification in the poem increases its beauty, appeal and importance. The diction is very simple and quite appropriate to the subject-matter of the poem. The tone of the poem is satirical.

EXERCISE

What are some of the simple delights we miss in our rushed life?
OR
Point out the beauties of nature that can be source of pleasure for man in his day to day life.

Some of the enjoyments which I personally miss because of shortage or lack of time are my visits to Northern areas of my country. I often make plan to move out of my city towards paradise like areas like Swat, Naran, Kalam, Muree and Skardu which possess simple and innocent beauty of nature. Alas! I cannot go there because of my busy life. I miss viewing the grandeur of the mountains, trees and flowers and flowing streams and fountains in these valleys.

I also miss the joys of novel reading due to my busy life. I spend these hours in money earning programs. I also miss sports very much.

CREATIVE EXERCISES

1. Why do you think the poet has given this title to his poem when he is talking about life full of cares with no time to stand and stare? (100-150 words)
2. What is the poet trying to say in the last two lines? (60-70 words)
3. Write a note on the beauties of nature. (150 words)
4. Point out where has personification been used in this poem.
5. Write down the pairs of rhyming words in the poem.

Quotations and references for this poem

1) One impulse from vernal wood
May teach you more of man
Of moral, evil and good
Than all the sages can.
(William Wordsworth)

2) Getting and spending we lay waste our powers.
Little we see in nature that is ours.
(William Wordsworth)
3) When work is a pleasure, life is a joy! When work is duty, life is slavery”.
(Maxim Gorky)
4) One touch of nature makes the whole world kin.
(Shakespeare)

TARTARY – Critical Appreciation of the Poem & Exercises

TARTARY – (Walter De la Mare)

CRITICAL APPRECIATION OF THE POEM

Water De la Mare is pure poet who is known as the poet of images and impressions. He always aims at providing imaginative pleasures to his readers instead of teaching them some moral or social lesson.

Like all romantic poets, he escapes into an idea and longed for world. It has always been a desire of man to consider him all powerful and mighty to attain power. He uses all means, foul or fair to gain endless power. The poets are sensitive people. They do not have the skill and art to attain power and derive pleasure out of this image of glory. Walter de la Mare also dreams of having great powers after becoming the lord of Tartary. It is the figment of poet’s imagination. The poem is a journey into the realm of imagination.

The poem is romantic in its essence. The land of Tartary has been painted by the poet with various attractive and sensuous images. He imagines himself the lord of a land rich with all worldly resources. Like all the ancient kings, he longs to have an ivory bed and throne of beaten gold. His court will be attended by peacocks. The peacocks will walk and dance in his court. Fish will swim in his pools and tigers roar in his forests. In this way, he longs to rule not only men but animals and beats also. He wants to be monarch of all he surveys.

The main idea of the poem is that every person wants to get rid of his worried and artificial world. Like all royal and lofty kings of the past, he wants to enjoy all the comforts of his life. He wishes to eat his meal with the announcement of a bugle. In the evening, his place will be illuminated with lamps, ‘yellow as honey’ and ‘red as wine’. He longs to enjoy the charming notes of music in the evening.

Slowly and gradually the poet creates an imaginary pleasure place for his satisfaction and consolation. As a lord of Tartary, the poet longs to wear gorgeous dress, decorated with jewels. Jewels will be of white, gold and green colour and they will be clustered thick as seeds. In the morning, he would put on his royal robes with a sword in his belt. His carriage will be driven by ‘zebras seven’, through dark glades of Tartary.

Although this heaven-like wonder may not be feasible to achieve yet it is certainly possible and desirable of every person to enjoy it intellectually. The land of Tartary would be remarkable for its rich and abundant growth of fruits. It is rich in its resources. Its hills and rivers will add to its beauty. Its valleys and forests are green and dark with trees. It is known for its scented breeze and overflowing lakes. The chirping birds with their beautiful songs will transport the soul of man into happiness. It is a fertile land full of flowers, greenery and fruit.

EXERCISE

Tartary is a romantic poem. Discuss it.

Like all romantic poets, he escapes into an idea and longed for world. It has always been a desire of man to consider himself all powerful and mighty to attain power. He uses all means, foul or fair to gain endless power. The poets are sensitive people. They do not have the skill and art to attain power and derive pleasure out of this image of glory. Walter de la Mare also dreams of having great powers after becoming the lord of Tartary. It is the figment of poet’s imagination. The poem is a journey into the realm of imagination.

The poem is romantic in its essence. The land of Tartary has been painted by the poet with various attractive and sensuous images. He imagines himself the lord of a land rich with all worldly resources. Like all the ancient kings, he longs to have an ivory bed and throne of beaten gold. His court will be attended by peacocks. The peacocks will walk and dance in his court. Fish will swim in his pools and tigers roar in his forests. In this way, he longs to rule not only men but animals and beats also. He wants he wants to be monarch of all he surveys.

Although this heaven-like wonder may not be feasible to achieve yet it is certainly possible and desirable of every person to enjoy it intellectually. The land of Tartary would be remarkable for its rich and abundant growth of fruits. It is rich in its resources. Its hills and rivers will add to its beauty. Its valleys and forests are green and dark with trees. It is known for its scented breeze and overflowing lakes. The chirping birds with their beautiful songs will transport the soul of man into happiness. It is a fertile land full of flowers, greenery and fruit.

The images used in the poem are highly romantic and colorful. The images of an ‘ivory bed’, ‘golden throne’, ‘dancing peacocks’ etc. make the poem romantic. The image of the lord of Tartary, with a gorgeous dress sitting in a carriage, driven by seven zebras is a romantic picture.

Discuss De la Mare as a lover of nature with reference to his poem ‘Tartary’.
OR
Give your impression of Walter de La Mare as a poet after reading his poem ‘Tartary’.

Walter De La Mare is a romantic poet like Wordsworth. As such, his poetry deals with common place things. To make Tartary an ideal land, the poet has given a good proof of his love for nature. He believes that the beautiful scenes of nature and its enchanting sound are a precious treasure of delight and wonder for man. The poet has no liking for the industrial and mechanical life like William Davies. So the poet does not ignore the soothing and pleasing function of nature while giving the concept an ideal life.

The poet wishes that his kingdom of Tartary should have all the variety of natural society. There should be thick forests, deep valley and tall hills. The sky of his country should be decorated with shining stars. It should be a land dazzling rivers, trembling lakes and foamless seas. He loves to have abundance of fruit trees that delight the birds and inspire them to sing cheerfully. On every morning he would love to ride through the dark glades of Tartary to enjoy the beauties of nature. In stead of driving an air conditioned Mercedes car, he likes to sit in an open coach driven by seven zebras. He likes to hear the songs of birds and to feast his eyes on the beauty of the green world. His dream of happy life remains incomplete without such aesthetic pleasure driven form, the world of nature.

CREATIVE EXERCISES

1. What is the importance of the word ‘Tartary’.

Tartary was the paradise like region ruled by Changez Khan. This region was spreading over Turkey, Iran, Kashmir, Tibet and Afghanistan. This region was considered very prosperous and peaceful. On the same pattern Walter De la Mare wants to build his own imaginary state. It is an ideal land full of beautiful lands with difference fruits and crops of many colors.

2. What do you find similar between Davies and De La Mare?
3. Pick out all the colorful words the poet has used.
4. Do you like poet’s philosophy of escapism? If not why?
5. Write 50 words about he diction and rhyme scheme of the poem.
6. What are the images and impressions?

Quotations and references for this poem

1) “Imagination is the one weapon in the war against vanity”. (Jude De Gautier)
2) “To dream is a very pleasant exercise of fancy.”
3) “Imagination is more important than knowledge.”
4) “Existence would be intolerable if we were never to dream.”

NEW YEAR RESOLUTION – Critical Appreciation of the Poem & Exercises

NEW YEAR RESOLUTION – (Elizabeth Sewell)

CRITICAL APPRECIATION OF THE POEM
OR
What are the three resolutions which the poetess wants to make at the arrival of New Year?
OR
How does the poetess welcome the New Year?
OR
What is the real beauty of the poem, ‘New Year Resolutions’?
OR
The poem is very brief, but is a master piece literature.
OR
The poem can be reduced to one sentence but it is still estimated as the highest form of literary expression. Discuss it.

‘New Year Resolution’ may be taken as a precious piece of advice to lead a good and successful life in this society. Three sound and solid resolutions which the poetess makes at the even of the next year sum up the golden principles of a respectable life.

According to the poetess, the life must be spent consciously and with a sense of discipline. It is absurd to spend lie in a care free and jovial manner. We must take stock of our good and week point through out the year. We should try to correct our weaknesses by self-examination. It is our accountability by our own conscience which corrects our life.

The poetess does not welcome the New Year in a traditional manner. In this brief but thought-provoking poem, she urges us to examine our own ‘self’ in the beginning of every year. She wants to drink deep at the fountain of thoughts. It is only in quietness and moments of calm that she can search her own soul search in moments that she will purge out the sins and shortcomings of herself. This meditation may become a means of cleansing herself. It is with clean mind and soul that she will welcome the New Year.

The poetess is a realist. She does not run away from the harsh realities of life. She wants to know her identity and nature quite impartially. She wants to know abut herself and her duties to her fellow beings and to her God. In solitude man comes to know about his obligations in society. Being a husband, father, mother, brother, son, friend and citizen of a country he has different responsibilities. Again as a farmer, businessman, and a soldier and as an administrator or a clerk etc. one has to perform various kinds of tasks.

Idealistic and unrealistic attitude of life create a lot of worries and troubles in our life. Although reality is bitter, ugly and painful yet we should accept it and learn to live with it. Therefore the poetess declares that she would like to pas the whole night in the ‘bony arms of Reality’.

As a result of the fulfillment of the above-mentioned resolutions she will be satisfied and comfortable.

EXERCISE

What new resolutions do you make?

At the arrival of a new year different persons make different resolutions. Being a student I make my own resolution. I stop for a while in the journey of life to ponder upon what I have lost and what gained. Different calculations tell me that I have lost much as compared to what I have gained. Thus I begin to endeavor for improvement to make my personality better. Every time I find myself making resolutions to check the way of temptations.

Every year I have resoled to avoid backbiting, flattery, lie and dishonesty. As long as I possess the owner of resolutions I avoid all these evils. Some times I feel myself weak but I get energy by my will power.

CREATIVE EXERCISES

1. Do you find this different form other poems you have read?
2. Where has personification been used in this poem. Point it out.
3. Which one of the resolutions do you like most and why?
4. Compare the last stanza of this poem with the escapism of the king of Tartary. Write 120 words.

Quotations and references for this poem

1) Speech is silver, silence is gold.
2) “The mind is its own place and in itself can make a heaven of hell, a hell of heaven.”
3) “Never tell your resolution beforehand”.
4) “You may be whatever you resolve to be. Determine to do something in the world and you will be”.

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